Bitcoin Plummets Below $40,000 as Legal and Market Forces Weigh In


Bitcoin, the leading cryptocurrency, has experienced a sharp decline in its price, falling to $39,650 as of Wednesday, January 24, 2024. This is the lowest level since November 2023, and represents a 1.03 percent decrease from the previous day. The drop is influenced by a combination of regulatory and investment product developments, both of which have implications for the future of Bitcoin and the crypto industry.

Canadian Court Strikes Down Law Banning Crypto Donations to Protesters

One of the factors that contributed to the downward pressure on Bitcoin was a recent legal ruling from the Federal Court of Canada. The court declared that the Canadian government’s use of emergency powers to freeze cryptocurrency donations to truckers protesting against COVID-19 restrictions was unconstitutional and unjustified.

The law, which was enacted in February 2022 under the Emergencies Act, aimed to halt the financial support for the “Freedom Convoy” protests, which involved thousands of truck drivers blocking highways and demanding an end to vaccine mandates and other measures. The law targeted not only fiat currencies, but also cryptocurrencies, which were used by some protesters and sympathizers to circumvent the government’s restrictions.

The Canadian Civil Liberties Association, which challenged the law, hailed the court’s decision as a landmark victory for civil rights and democracy. The court stated that the situation did not constitute a national emergency, and that the government’s actions were unreasonable and disproportionate. The court also noted that the law violated the protesters’ freedom of expression and association, as well as their right to privacy and property.

The ruling has significant implications for the role of cryptocurrencies in political activism and social movements. It also highlights the need for judicial oversight and accountability over governmental measures that affect the crypto sector. The Canadian government, however, has announced its intention to appeal the decision, indicating that the legal battle is not over yet.

GBTC Outflows Accelerate as Investors Flee from Bitcoin Trust

Another factor that weighed on Bitcoin’s price was the massive outflow of funds from the Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (GBTC), the largest and oldest Bitcoin investment product. GBTC, which holds over 600,000 Bitcoins worth about $24 billion, allows accredited investors to gain exposure to Bitcoin without having to buy or store the cryptocurrency directly.

Bitcoin Plummets

However, since GBTC converted to a spot Bitcoin exchange-traded fund (ETF) on January 11, 2024, it has seen a significant exodus of investors, who have withdrawn more than $3.4 billion from the trust. This is because GBTC’s shares trade at a discount to the net asset value (NAV) of the underlying Bitcoin, meaning that investors can buy Bitcoin cheaper on the open market than through GBTC. Moreover, GBTC’s fees are higher than those of the newly launched Bitcoin ETFs, which offer more liquidity and convenience to investors.

The outflow of funds from GBTC has reduced the demand for Bitcoin, as the trust has to sell some of its holdings to meet the redemption requests. According to Eric Balchunas, an ETF analyst at Bloomberg, GBTC saw a staggering $515 million withdrawal on January 23, leading to a 13 percent reduction in GBTC shares in circulation. This was the largest single-day outflow since the trust’s inception in 2013.

The trend of GBTC outflows is expected to continue, as more investors seek to exit the trust and switch to other Bitcoin investment products. This could put further downward pressure on Bitcoin’s price, as GBTC’s selling activity could outweigh the buying activity from the ETFs. Additionally, the outflows could indicate a loss of confidence and interest in Bitcoin among institutional and retail investors, who may be looking for alternative assets or strategies in the face of market volatility and uncertainty.

Bitcoin Faces Challenges and Opportunities Ahead

The latest drop in Bitcoin’s price reflects the complex and dynamic nature of the crypto market, which is influenced by a variety of factors, both internal and external. The legal and market forces that have affected Bitcoin recently are not isolated events, but rather part of a broader context of challenges and opportunities that the cryptocurrency faces.

On the one hand, Bitcoin has to contend with regulatory hurdles, legal disputes, and competitive pressures from other crypto assets and investment products. On the other hand, Bitcoin also has the potential to benefit from innovation, adoption, and integration in the crypto ecosystem and beyond. The future of Bitcoin will depend on how it navigates these challenges and opportunities, and how it responds to the changing needs and preferences of its users and investors.


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